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On nukes, Canada must weigh gestures against cross-border realities

08 October 2017
On nukes, Canada must weigh gestures against cross-border realities

Helfand said he's not expecting the prize to make much of an impact on President Trump, who undermined his own secretary of state's efforts at diplomacy with North Korea.

United Nations leaders enthusiastically welcomed the Nobel Peace Prize awarded Friday to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, a recognition that appears particularly poignant at a time of rising nuclear threats from North Korea.

The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation is a partner of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons. "Now more than ever we need a world without nuclear weapons", Guterres wrote in a tweet.

The United States, which with Russian Federation has the biggest stockpile of nuclear weapons, had said that the treaty would do nothing to alleviate the possibility of nuclear conflict and might even increase it. "That's not how you build security", she said.

Those efforts paid off in July this year, when 122 countries at the UN adopted the new treaty banning nuclear weapons, despite harsh opposition from the United States and other nuclear powers.

Although the Nobel committee was explicit in saying it was not sending a political message to a specific leader, it was clear that there were implications for both Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who have invoked the threat of nuclear force. SGI has been working toward the abolition of nuclear weapons for 60 years, since the Declaration Calling for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons issued by second Soka Gakkai President Josei Toda on September 8, 1957.

Trump is also expected to decertify Iran's compliance with a 2015 nuclear deal next week. For example, Eisaku Sato, former prime minister of Japan, won in 1974 for maintaining that his country shouldn't have nukes and for having signed, on behalf of the nation, the nuclear arms Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

It officially launched in Vienna, Austria, in April 2007 during the Non-Proliferation Treaty preparatory committee meeting.

I take the award of Nobel Peace Prize to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons - for their work advocating the United Nations Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons - as a strong statement by the Nobel committee against the prospect of nuclear war or any future use of nuclear weapons.

Two European Union members — France and Britain — are nuclear powers. The disconnect between public opinion and policies in place is reflected in other North Atlantic Treaty Organisation nations without their own nuclear weapons, as well.

"And the humans are using primal instincts of aggression and warfare and hostility, which have got to the point, because of these weapons, of being a threat not just to the enemy, but a threat to all life".

The Norwegian Nobel Committee denied that giving the prize to an anti-nuclear group was intended either as a rebuke to Trump, or as a snub to the architects of the Iran nuclear deal.

A decade ago, the anti-nuclear movement was fragmented, Fihn said, explaining that ICAN was created to help a vast array of groups push for a ban similar to the global agreements forbidding the use of biological and chemical weapons, landmines and cluster munitions.

Although global atomic stockpiles have plummeted - from around 64,000 weapons in 1986 at the height of the Cold War to about 9,000 in 2017, according to the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists (BAS) - they remain a global concern.