In the year 2004, the same virus arrived in Bangladesh through infected fruit bats.
Animal Husbandry department and Forest officials deposit a bat into a container after catching it inside a well at Changaroth in Kozhikode in the Indian state of Kerala on May 21, 2018.
Since these bats feed on any fruit they can find, there's a risk of exports of many fruits getting affected.
In neighbouring Malappuram, where three persons have died due to the virus, orders have been issued in four panchayats to stop Anganwadi classes for the time being. "All cases are linked to the one family in Kozhikode - those who came in contact with them", Rajeev Sadanandan, Additional Chief Secretary, Health and Family Welfare Department in Kerala, told CBS News. But movement of people from one district to another could spread the virus, fears Ravi Kurup, a caterer who is scheduled to visit his native state after his daughter's Std XII board results. I don't think I will be able to see you.
This is the fourth death in Moosa's family.
Meanwhile, a health ministry official said that as all means of transport can't be blocked, the state would have to prepare itself to take preventive measures.
"It (outbreak of Nipah virus) is a localised occurrence and there is no need to panic", the minister said. "As the virus has spread in north, its impact is not being felt in south Kerala".
The state government issued an advisory asking travellers to avoid visiting the four districts of Kozhikode, Malappuram, Wayanad and Kannur.
State health minister KK Shailaja told ANI that the Centre will send an expert team to the state within 2 days.
Ajit Kumar, retired professor of social work from Matru Sewa Sangh, who is now on a visit to Kerala, says that it is the northern part of the state which has been affected.
It is reported that the suspected case has been reported from Karnataka's Mangalore too. "Without laboratory reports it can not be said that these bats have been killed by Nipah virus", Mr Choubey said, adding that he has already spoken to the Himachal Pradesh administration over the matter.
According to the World Health Organization, between 1998 and 2015, more than 600 cases of Nipah virus human infections were reported. Eating food which may have the droplets of saliva of infected bats can lead to the transmission of the virus.
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