"The bats get stressed and hungry, their immune system gets weaker, their virus load goes up and a lot of virus spills out in their urine and saliva", he explained.
A nurse who treated three of the Kerala victims succumbed to the infection on Monday, Health Minister K.K. Shailaja told a news briefing, where she announced payment of compensation to her family and others who lost family members to the infection.
The virus is most commonly hosted by fruit bats which jumps to humans, while it can also be passed from human to human.
The Union Health Ministry said on Wednesday that Nipah virus had infected 18 people and killed 11 of them in Kerala. "Patients with fever and cold have been asked to be dealt with separately and N95 masks have been handed over to the staff to ensure that the disease is not spread", said the superintendent of Osmania Hospital as per a report by Deccan Chronicle.
Nipah Virus infection ( NiV) has surfaced in the southern belt of India and is doing the talks deeply.
On one hand, the central government team that surveyed the area in Kerala from where the outbreak was reported first ascertained that the bats found in the locality are not fruit-eating bats. We have told them whatever happens, do not touch those bats.
The Kerala cabinet on Wednesday chose to give Rs 10 lakh each to the sons of Lini, the nurse who died due to Nipah virus.
The expenses incurred by the family for her treatment would also be borne by the government. Two "control rooms" in the worst-hit Kozhikode district have been set up to closely monitor the spread of the virus.
A crisis management group has been constituted to coordinate the response of government agencies following the deaths in Kozhikode and Malappuram districts.
This comes even as the authorities said that the situation was under control. In an advisory issued by Health Secretary Rajeev Sadanandan, it was stated that travelling to any part of Kerala was safe. Officials suspect the Kerala outbreak may have begun with bats.
The World Health Organization says that Nipah virus is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes a severe disease in both animals and humans.
A global coalition set up a year ago to fight epidemics has struck a $25 million deal with two US biotech companies to accelerate work on a vaccine against the brain-damaging Nipah virus that has killed 12 people in India.
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