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Experts urge discouraging reckless use of antibiotics

18 November 2018
Experts urge discouraging reckless use of antibiotics

"Incorrect use of antibiotics, especially overuse, is making it harder to treat many infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and salmonellosis, as the antibiotics are becoming less effective", added Dr. Al Khal.

The registrar, however, advised the populace to ensure that the use of drugs is supervised by health care workers.

Dr Abdullatif al-Khal, HMC's deputy chief medical officer and head of Infectious Diseases, said antibiotics are medicines that are used to treat or prevent infections, but he warned against their misuse. The European parliament has voted for such a measure, but it will not come into force until 2022, after Brexit. Health Department does not have any antibiotic policy but it is must said health experts in the press conference organised at AIIMS on Wednesday.

Hygiene should be better in hospitals and clinics, and better testing should be used to check if infections are viral to avoid unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions, officials said. We can all play a role by taking care with antibiotics.

Doctors are seeing more and more patients with infections that can't be treated - even with drugs of last resort - as bacteria learn to overcome antibiotics.

She pointed out that antibiotic resistance occurred when bacteria became resistance to the active ingredients in medicines (antibiotic).

The health Ministry warned about the real threats to human health due to their commitment to antibiotics.

Middle ear infections, known medically as acute otitis media (AOM), are common painful infections in children, for which there are up to three million treatment episodes in England and Wales each year.

Describing it as a "global health emergency", the United Nations notes that by 2050, some five million people could die each year in Asia alone due to resistance to antibiotic medicines or antimicrobials. Reports suggest that Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is on course to overtake cancer and account for 10 million deaths a year by 2050.

While 73 percent said the federal government should provide incentives to encourage increased private sector investment in the development of new antibiotics, 83 percent believe pharmaceutical companies should also develop more antibiotics.

"As time goes on we get new waves of drug-resistant organisms".

In September, the World Health Organization warned antibiotics are "running out" as a report found a "serious lack" of new drugs in the development pipeline.

Medical doctor Regina Berba, former DoH consultant for the National Steering Committee of Antimicrobial Stewardship Program, said minor infections could become life-threatening once microorganisms become immune to antibiotics.

Pakistan is also among the few countries implementing Tricycle Project which is aimed at integrated trans-sectorial surveillance system for bacterial resistance to antibiotics on a global basis. According to CDC research, almost 80 percent of Americans are prescribed at least one antibiotic each year, but half of those prescriptions are either unnecessary or ineffective.