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Most New European HIV Cases Last Year Arose In Ukraine, Russia

30 November 2018
Most New European HIV Cases Last Year Arose In Ukraine, Russia

The latest update on the status of AIDS from 1981 to 2017 in 35 states and UTs in India has said that there is an overall decline in new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths in India.

In the East, there are 51.1 new HIV cases in 100,000 people, which is far more than the 6.4 new diagnoses for the same number of people in the West.

There are still 2,000 new cases of HIV in Canada each year.

In Ukraine, Russia, and other countries in Eastern Europe, the high proportion of new cases was mainly attributed to transmission through heterosexual sex and intravenous drug use, the report said.

Agenda 90-90-90 means, 90 percent of persons will know their HIV status, 90 percent will be on antiretroviral drugs and 90 percent of people living with the condition would have viral suppression in subjecting the HIV and AIDS disease under control and avoid spread. The HIV incidence among general population is low across states, except for a few, it is much higher among High Risk Groups.

"The significance in this report is that we can see a sharp difference between Eastern Europe and the European Union where the number of HIV infection numbers is dropping", Dr. Masoud Dara, coordinator of communicable diseases and HIV team lead at WHO Europe, told CNN. He said that it was also crucial to achieving the targets and empowering people to make choice about HIV prevention so they could protect themselves and their loved ones.

Against the UN's 90-90-90 targets (that 90% of those living with HIV are diagnosed; 90% of people diagnosed were receiving treatment; and 90% of those being treated were virally suppressed), in 2017, 92% of people living with HIV in the United Kingdom had been diagnosed, 98% of those diagnosed were receiving treatment and 97% of people receiving treatment were virally suppressed.

Among the types of data the CDC collects: the number and population rates of HIV diagnoses, the number of people living with HIV and the number of people receiving HIV medical care. The report calls the rates in Eastern Europe "disproportionately higher".

"We are not doing enough in the region to control the epidemic in spite of having the necessary tools to do so", McCormack said in an email.

A requirement introduced in 2012 for some global NGOs working in Russian Federation to register as "foreign agents" led to a decrease in organisations working with groups vulnerable to HIV, said Oli Stevens, a HIV researcher based in Britain.

"While efforts to prevent new HIV infections are gradually showing signs of progress, we are not on course to meet the 90-90-90 targets by the 2020 deadline", said Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO regional director.

Pozniak reiterated that there could be a shift in who is affected most by HIV in Russian Federation.

Dr Neill continued: "People are still contracting HIV here, so I want to stress the importance of taking steps to reduce your likelihood of getting the virus".