The countries that signed on to the Paris accord, including Canada, committed to a goal of limiting the average global temperature rise to between 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.
The emissions in the rest of the world, remaining 41 per cent of global emissions, are expected to grow by 1.8 per cent in 2018.
Global carbon-dioxide emissions will rise to historic levels in 2018, according to a study released Wednesday in conjunction with the COP24 climate conference in Katowice, Poland.
"Possibly, this year is unusual", said lead author Corinne Le Quere at the University of East Anglia.
China, India and the European Union are setting the pace. The organization said in the meeting held in Poland that climate change has a serious impact on human lives and health as exposure to air pollution causes seven million deaths worldwide every year, costing an estimated 5.11 trillion US dollars in welfare losses globally.
But while the study applauded the 15 percent global uptick in efforts to use renewable energy sources over the past 10 years, it said that governments must work harder to expand these kinds of power plants, and quickly, to avert an worldwide crisis.
While the largest changes this year came from China and India, Democrats are urging the United States to play their part in decreasing emissions. "Efforts to decarbonise need to be expanded throughout the economy".
India, the third-highest contributor, is projected to see emissions rise by 6.3% from 2017. These regions represent 40 per cent of global carbon emissions.
U.S. emissions are expected to resume their downward trend in 2019 as cheap gas, wind and solar power continue to displace coal.
In nations where emissions are still rising, often in response to economic growth and improved living standards, the challenges are often greater.
The health gains of meeting the two degrees target would also significantly offset the costs in other regions, such as the European Union (seven-84 per cent) and the USA (10-41 per cent).
In nations where emissions are already trending downward-the United States, for one-they must find ways to reduce their emissions even faster. But under the Paris Agreement (which is meant for post-2020 actions), the responsibility to cut emissions falls on all countries as per their voluntarily set targets.
"In short, we need a complete transformation of our global energy economy, as well as how we manage land and forest resources", Guterres said.
"While there has been positive progress on clean energy and electric vehicles, this is now too small to impact the onward march of fossil fuels". Oil companies were still scouring the Earth for new reserves, developing countries were chasing the American dream of unsustainable sprawl, and the world's most powerful country had just awarded the only major political party in the industrial world that rejects the scientific consensus on climate change with full control of its national government.
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