An electrical technician is a tradesman specialized in electrical wiring of domestic, residential, office, and/or industrial establishments. Electrical technicians may also work in the construction of new electrical devices or the repair and maintenance of existing electrical devices. Electrical technicians perform many of the same duties as an electrician, such as testing, installing, and maintaining wiring and appliances. Some are employed in only certain areas, such as furnaces and heating and air conditioning systems. Others are employed in all areas of the utility industry. There are several different types of electrical technician jobs available.
A Certified Electrical Technologist (CE) is someone who has achieved a four-year college degree in electrical engineering technology and who is authorized to work in the United States under the laws that have been enacted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). A CET must have a minimum of two years of relevant experience. There are numerous schools and colleges that offer courses in electrical engineering technology. Many people choose to enroll in a vocational training program rather than enrolling in a four-year college or university, which is usually more expensive. A standard vocational training program takes about two years. Some schools require their students to take an extra year after high school to fulfill the requirements.
Those who have a high school diploma but cannot get into a vocational training program should consider taking courses online. Online courses can help people with a low school diploma earn a four year degree in electrical engineering technology that will qualify them for work as an apprentice with a wiring company. After the apprenticeship, the individual graduates and pursues employment as an electrician.
The role of an electrician consists mainly of installing and repairing electrical systems. Electricians use electrical diagrams or schematics to design and install electrical systems in commercial and residential buildings. To become an electrician, one must obtain at least a two-year accredited associate’s degree from a community college or technical/vocational school that provides courses in electrical engineering technology and blueprint reading.
Electricians can gain experience by working on large construction projects. Electricians who already have a four-year bachelor’s degree in electrical construction may join a construction firm as an entry-level electrician. These firms will provide the worker with an apprenticeship to help him acquire the skills needed to eventually be promoted to an electrician. After completion of the apprenticeship, the worker is eligible to take the licensure exam provided by the North American Electrical Contractor Association (NAECA). Once he passes the certification exam, the electricians can take the licensure exam and become certified as an electrician.
Electricians learn about electricity and how to fix electrical systems by receiving special training from electrical technicians who already have a four-year bachelor’s degree. Specialized courses are also given to electricians to help them upgrade their knowledge on new technologies. These courses are also helpful to those who want to work in an industrial environment, since the knowledge learned in these courses will help them perform their job duties competently.