mosquito control is an essential public-health practice around the globe and particularly in the tropics since mosquitoes spread several highly communicable diseases, including the dengue virus and malaria. It is estimated that approximately thirteen million people a year are suffering from some form of mosquito-borne disease, with over eight million children suffering from complications caused by mosquitoes. Mosquito bites can cause itching, redness, swelling and a number of other problems, the most common being mosquito-borne illnesses like malaria and dengue fever. The ability to prevent mosquitoes from breeding and spreading disease is the only way to ensure the safety of the general public.
There are several methods of controlling mosquito populations; some work better than others. The best method to eliminate mosquito breeding sites is to prevent mosquitoes from getting to the area in the first place. This is achieved by eliminating standing water, especially stagnant water used for bathing and washing. Mosquitoes thrive in moist environments and ingest large numbers of adult mosquitoes when looking for a mate. Removing these breeding grounds will drastically reduce the mosquito populations within a region.
Effective mosquito control methods should also control mosquito larvae before they hatch. Adult mosquitoes lay their eggs in water or on the leaves of trees. To control mosquito larvae before they hatch, boiling water is often sufficient. The boiled water should then be poured into containers lined with cheesecloth or burlap to prevent mosquito larvae from hatching. To kill adult mosquitoes that have already hatched, chemicals are sometimes effective.
Two common mosquito control methods used in the United States are leaf mulching and fumigation. Leaf mulching involves removing damaged, leafy vegetation from areas prone to mosquito larvae. This is done by cutting down unwanted trees that provide mosquito habitats, which may include street trees, park trees, or gardens. Sometimes, only large trees may be cut down to prevent the destruction of surrounding vegetation, but other times smaller trees may be pruned so as not to eliminate mosquito habitats.
Fumigation is an insecticide sprayed directly on mosquitoes and eggs. This method kills mosquito-adult insects as well as mosquito eggs. To do this, a concentrated chemical is poured into a container, and then the container is placed into a marsh. Marsh mixtures can be purchased from a local pest control store or online. Some homeowners choose to make their own mosquito control mixes, while others prefer to purchase ready-made mixes that include all of the chemicals necessary to effectively kill adult mosquitoes, eggs, and larvae.
Mosquito larval control is important because it can prevent the spread of diseases caused by mosquitoes. In many areas of the country, homeowners are required by law to keep their pools and lakes free of mosquito larva. However, these laws are often ignored. If a homeowner does not use an effective mosquito control method, then the surrounding yard will become a breeding ground for mosquito larvae. This can ultimately be more costly than attempting to control mosquitoes in the first place.